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Factors influencing the mechanical properties of formamidinium lead halides and related hybrid perovskites

last modified Jul 04, 2017 08:08 AM

Factors influencing the mechanical properties of formamidinium lead halides and related hybrid perovskites

Shijing Sun, Furkan H. Isikgor, Zeyu Deng, Fengxia Wei, Gregor Kieslich, Paul D. Bristowe, Jianyong Ouyang and Anthony K. Cheetham

30th of June

Abstract

The mechanical properties of formamidinium lead halide perovskites (FAPbX3, X = Br or I) grown by inverse temperature crystallization have been studied by nanoindentation. The measured Young's moduli (9.7 - 12.3 GPa) and hardnesses (0.36 - 0.45 GPa) indicate good mechanical flexibility and ductility. The effects of hydrogen bonding were evaluated by performing ab initio molecular dynamics on both formamidinium and methylammonium perovskites and calculating radial distribution functions. The structural and chemical factors influencing these properties are discussed by comparison with corresponding values in the literature for other hybrid perovskites, including double perovskites. Our results reveal that bonding in the inorganic framework and hydrogen bonding play important roles in determining elastic stiffness. The influence of the organic cation becomes more important for structures at the limit of their perovskite stability, indicated by high tolerance factors.